For more information, please see the full notice. The creation of the PRC also completed the long process of governmental upheaval in China begun by the. Communists entering Beijing in The Chinese Communist Party, founded in in Shanghai, originally existed as a study group working within the confines of the First United Front with the Nationalist Party.
The Chinese Revolution and Chinese Communism to The new Pinyin P transliteration of Chinese names into English is used for most key leaders and place names; in cases where the "P" system has not become established usage in the West, the old Wade-Giles W-G transliteration is either used, or given in brackets.
However, an assessment of Chinese communism cannot begin there. It must begin about 30 years earlier, because the preceding years shaped the PRC as a communist state. Chinese communism has had a remarkable continuity of leadership.
Mao tse-Tung, and his colleagues were party members in the s. Mao was instrumental in establishing an early form of Chinese communism in the years He helped to develop it and create the military and political strategy in the Yenan years of that won the civil war in He then went on to mold communist China and ruled it - in his last years at least in name - until his death in September However, we should also bear in mind that while most veteran communists followed Mao from the late s on, some came to oppose his more extreme policies.
To understand the rise of communism in China, we must see it within the context of Chinese history. Conditions in China in China has a 4, year history, and was a unified state under several imperial dynasties.
The last dynasty, the Qing, was founded by the Manchus inafter their conquest of China. It ruled for almost three hundred years, until it finally collapsed in By that time the imperial system had fallen into decay and was totally discredited. Most historians attribute the decline of China at least in part to the inability of its rulers to understand and adapt modern technology.
While this is true, another key factor was the quadrupling of the population under the Qing, which put enormous pressure on government resources. In fact, by the early 20th century, Japan was the only Asian country to achieve achieve modernisation and cope with a rapid population increase.
We should note, however, that in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, there were some outstanding Chinese thinkers who wanted to modernize China. Some hoped for a constitutional framework, i. Most wanted the abolition of the feudal-Confucian system; all wanted the abolition of foreign privilege and the unification of their vast country.
The man who came to lead the strongest movement for reform and unity was Sun Yat-sen Sun was born near Canton; he was raised by his elder brother in Hawaii and graduated as a medical doctor in Hongkong in Two years later, however, he began to devote himself to political work for the overthrow of the Qing dynasty His goal was to create a strong, unified, modern, Chinese republic.
Between andSun developed a political movement called the Revolutionary Alliance, which was funded by donations from Chinese businessmen living outside of China.
He came to the United States aroundconverted to Christianity, and found generous Americans to pay for his education in the U. Later, he became a successful businessman in Shanghai.It was during this period that Mao redirected Chinese communism from the workers to the peasants who, after all, made up the vast majority of the population.
Thus Mao changed the communist goal in China from a workers' revolution to a peasant revolution, which he saw as . The Communist Party of China (CPC), also referred to as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China.
The Communist Party is the sole governing party within mainland China, permitting only eight other, subordinated parties to co-exist, those making up the United Front. Read a biography about the life of Mao Zedong the Chinese communist leader responsible for the disastrous policies including the .
The Chinese Revolution of In October of , a group of revolutionaries in southern China led a successful revolt against the Qing Dynasty, establishing in . An essay or paper on Chinese Peasants in the Communist Revolution.
This study will examine the role played by Chinese peasants in the Chinese Communist revolution which brought the communists to power in The primary role of the peasants in that revolution had to do with efforts in land reform. The Communist Party of China was formed in It was under Mao Zedong's control in Eventually, Mao led a revolution, and the communist party obtained control in