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Can the media influence the sexual activity of adolescents? Researchers have documented the growing prevalence of sexual talk and portrayals of sexual behavior in televised media, as well as associations between adolescent viewing patterns and their sexual activities.
Although sexual content in the media can affect any age group, adolescents may be particularly vulnerable. Adolescents may be exposed to sexual content in the media during a developmental period when gender roles, sexual attitudes, and sexual behaviors are being shaped. Analyses of media content also show that sexual messages on television are almost universally presented in a positive light, with little discussion of the potential risks of unprotected sexual intercourse and few portrayals of adverse consequences.
The number of television channels received in homes has moved from three to well into the three-digits, allowing youth to choose from a much wider variety of programming than in the past.
This new portability makes it possible to use media in a variety of new settings and, conceivably, throughout the day. Adolescents are immersing themselves in these and newer media, with social networking sites, cell phones, and instant messaging playing major roles in their everyday lives.
Thus, it is critical that researchers begin to systematically study new media and new platforms to determine their influence. Given the emerging evidence linking more traditional media use with initiation of various sexual activities, to the extent that new media contain relevant sexual messages, researchers may find that these media are also linked to developing sexual attitudes and behavior and could affect sexual risk-taking and health in either a positive or negative manner as well.
Objectification of females is common in music videos, which often further the notion that men in are more worthy than women. For example, a music video may display beautiful women who seem obsessed by a desire to please the male characters in the video.
Sexual Openness Teenagers find the media as an ample platform for them to be sexually open about their sexual orientation, desires and experiences. This is especially prevalent in the digital media where they use social networks, blogs and cellphones to express themselves sexually.
Examples of ways in which adolescents may express themselves include erotic poems, sexting or posting nude pictures of themselves. The Internet allows adolescents to explore or assert their sexual desires in ways that are impossible in the real world. This emboldens them to assert themselves sexually in their offline relationships.
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|Sexual Openness||During the last 5 years, the number of preadolescents and adolescents using such sites has increased dramatically.|
Sexual intercourse is the most commonly studied form of adolescent sexual behavior, and there is a substantial literature on the determinants of initiation of coitus. Forty-eight percent of high school students have ever had sexual intercourse; 35 percent are currently sexually active.
Much is known about the predictors of sexual debut. Race and ethnicity are key predictors of age of intercourse initiation, as is gender, with minority youth and males more likely to have sex at a younger age.
· Because of the amount of time adolescents spend in the presence of mass media, the impact of the media on teenagers’ behavior and development has been the subject of much research. Table 1 shows the amount of time adolescents in this study mtb15.com · Questionnaires completed by middle school and high school students provided data about the learning of selected advertising-related cognitions among adolescents and on the short-term effect of these cognitions and other communication variables on adolescent consumption mtb15.com://mtb15.com The Influence of the Media on Antisocial Behavior There are many studies and examples to indicate that the amount of violence children witness on television or see through other forms of media are reflected in their own levels of aggression and mtb15.com://mtb15.com
Racial and ethnic differences may stem from socioeconomic factors that limit opportunities for poor youth, cultural factors that consider parenting a path to adulthood among African-American youth, and differences in the normative environment surrounding sexual activity and parenting.
Social bonds, including strong relationships with parents, schools, or religious organizations, serve as protective factors, reducing rates of early sex. Early intercourse appears to be part of a cluster of adolescent problem behaviors.
It correlates with substance use, truancy, and aggression and is also well predicted by indicators of behavioral deviance. Intercourse at any age places an individual at risk for pregnancy and at greater risk for STIs.
But early intercourse initiation poses special risks, with an increase in the odds of both pregnancy and STIs when it occurs at a younger age. As noted at the outset of this paper, rates of pregnancy and STIs are high among U.
In comparison to the study of intercourse, researchers have paid little attention to other forms of sexual behavior. However, carefully conducted surveys of a Los Angeles County high school and a nationally representative group of adolescent males aged years indicate that substantial proportions of adolescents who have not engaged in vaginal intercourse have engaged in other sexual activity involving genital contact, such as mutual masturbation and oral sex.
Many of the factors that predict intercourse initiation also predict these risk behaviors. These behaviors are the primary risk factors for STIs and pregnancy.
As noted earlier, nearlyyoung women aged years become pregnant in the United States each year. Half of the roughly 19 million new STIs diagnosed each year are among to year-olds. That amounts to one STI for every four sexually active youth. Fifteen percent of 9thth graders report having four or more partners in their lifetime.
Among sexually active adolescents in this age group, only 63 percent report that they or their partner used a condom the last time they had sexual intercourse. Given these high rates of risk-taking, the number of pregnancies and STIs experienced by U.
Television includes a great deal of sexual content, creating the strong potential for observing such effects. A state-of-the-art content analysis of 1, programs representative of the content airing between 6 a.
Mountain Standard Time on 10 channels television season found that 70 percent of programs contained sexual content. Among those with such content, there were an average of five scenes with sex in each hour of programming.
However, adolescents use a variety of media and increasingly engage with these media on diverse platforms. In one of the earliest reports on exposure to Internet pornography, the Kaiser Family Foundation found that 70 percent of to year-olds were accidentally exposed to pornography when searching for health information online.There is growing concern about young people’s exposure to sexual content through television and other electronic media and about its potential effects on their sexual attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors.
Researchers have documented the growing prevalence of sexual talk and portrayals of sexual behavior in televised media, as well as associations between adolescent viewing patterns and [ ]mtb15.com adolescents.
· to to determine the real effects mass media has on adolescents in comparison to other influences. I find that not all media is equal in influence. Television and video games have different relationships mtb15.com?article=&context.
· The findings show that (a) adolescents attend to sex-related media and believe that their peers attend to similar media, (b) adolescents make estimates of possible media influences on their friends, (c) perceptions of media influence on peer norms regarding sexual issues are positively related to adolescents’ own sexual permissiveness, and (d mtb15.com The influence of the media on the psychosocial development of children is profound.
Thus, it is important for physicians to discuss with parents their child’s exposure to media and to provide guidance on age-appropriate use of all media, including television, radio, music, video games and the Internet.
The effects of media violence is having serious impact on the adolescents overall development of adolescents although it is an indispensable part of their daily living. The study investigated the influence of family condition, gender and age on the aggressive mtb15.com Jan 15, · Children and adolescents’ use of media has greatly increased in the past 5 – 10 years, which has been documented in numerous Kaiser Family Foundation Studies.
The most recent report regarding behavior of 8 – 18 year olds showed that the average child spent hours each day using media.